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For more information about Sea Star Wasting Disease, please see the links below:


Evidence That Microorganisms at the Animal-Water Interface Drive Sea Star Wasting Disease (Jan 6, 2021)

Diversity of Sea Star-Associated Densoviruses and Transcribed Endogenous Viral Elements of Densovirus Origin (Dec 9, 2020)

IUCN Red List: Sunflower Sea Star (Pycnopodia helianthoides) (2020)

Virome Variation during Sea Star Wasting Disease Progression in Pisaster ochraceus (Nov 20, 2020)

Wasting disease and static environmental variables drive sea star assemblages in the Northern Gulf of Alaska (August 26, 2019)

Coelomic Fluid Evaluation in Clinically Normal Ochre Sea Stars Pisaster ochraceus: Cell Counts, Cytology, and Biochemistry Reference Intervals (June 6, 2019)

Disease epidemic and a marine heat wave are associated with the continental-scale collapse of a pivotal predator (Pycnopodia helianthoides) (Jan 30, 2019)

Melting Down: The ongoing mystery of sea star wasting disease (Fall, 2018)

Microbiome shifts with onset and progression of Sea Star Wasting Disease revealed through time course sampling (Oct 24, 2018)

Exploring the pathology of an epidermal disease affecting a circum-Antarctic sea star (July 27, 2018)

Decimation by sea star wasting disease and rapid genetic change in a keystone species, Pisaster ochraceus (May 14, 2018)

Reduction and recovery of keystone predation pressure after disease‐related mass mortality (Mar 23, 2018)

Large-scale impacts of sea star wasting disease (SSWD) on intertidal sea stars and implications for recovery (Mar 20, 2018)

Investigating the Complex Association Between Viral Ecology, Environment, and Northeast Pacific Sea Star Wasting (Mar 7, 2018)

Sea Star Wasting Disease in Asterias forbesi along the Atlantic Coast of North America (Dec 13, 2017)

Devastating Transboundary Impacts of Sea Star Wasting Disease on Subtidal Asteroids (Oct 26, 2016)

Sea Star Wasting Disease in the Keystone Predator Pisaster ochraceus in Oregon: Insights into Differential Population Impacts, Recovery, Predation Rate, and Temperature Effects from Long-Term Research (May 4, 2016)

What doesn't kill them makes them stronger: an association between elongation factor 1-α overdominance in the sea star Pisaster ochraceus and "seastar wasting disease'' (Mar 29, 2016)

Decreased Temperature Facilitates Short-Term Sea Star Wasting Disease Survival in the Keystone Intertidal Sea Star Pisaster ochraceus (Apr 29, 2016)

Ochre star mortality during the 2014 wasting disease epizootic: role of population size structure and temperature (Feb 15, 2016)

Densovirus associated with sea-star wasting disease and mass mortality (Nov 17, 2014)

Effects of temperature, season and locality on wasting disease in the keystone predatory sea star Pisaster ochraceus (Nov 9, 2009)

Sea Star Disease and Population Declines at the Channel Isalnds (1999)

Perspectives on the Structure and Dynamics of Nearshore Marine Assemblages of the California Channel Islands (1994)

Articles and News Broadcasts

Scientists Are Racing to Save These Sea Stars From Extinction (May 31, 2021)

This sea star was almost killed off. Now scientists are breeding it to help fight climate change (May 20, 2021)

Scientists in Washington Breed Sunflower Sea Stars for Rehabilitation of the Species (May 20, 2021)

A starfish is born: hope for key species hit by gruesome disease (May 15, 2021)

A mysterious disease is wreaking havoc on Pacific Coast sea stars (May 8, 2021)

Washington biologist breeding critically endangered sunflower sea stars (May 8, 2021)

Scientists are breeding sea stars in a lab to rehabilitate warming oceans (May 8, 2021)

Hope springs eternal for the endangered sunflower sea star (May 6, 2021)

Scientists are breeding sea stars to save warming oceans (May 5, 2021)

Scientists are growing sea stars in labs to help save the oceans (May 4, 2021)

Tide Bites: A Sunflower Star is Born (May 4, 2021)

Scientists Are Breeding Sea Stars in a Lab to Rehabilitate Warming Oceans (May 3, 2021)

Thousands of baby sea stars born at UW lab are sign of hope for endangered species (Apr 27, 2021)

NW scientist taps into personalities, diets to help sunflower sea stars shine again (Mar 23, 2021)

The mysterious cause of sea star wasting syndrome is a mystery no more (Mar 19, 2021)

Refuge Notebook: The fall of sea stars (Mar 4, 2021)

A sea star, once common in Oregon, nears extinction; here's how scientists plan to save it (Feb 25, 2021)

Saving Oregon’s rocky coast: Checking in on the sea stars (Feb 23, 2021)

Choked by bacteria, some starfish are turning to goo (Feb 9, 2021)

Sunflower sea stars listed as critically endangered (Feb 3, 2021)

Research suggests warmer oceans are killing sea stars in Puget Sound (Jan 30, 2021)

Scientists zone in on cause of sea star wasting syndrome (Jan 27, 2021)

Bacteria and Excessive Fertilization Turn the Starfish into a Sticky Substance (Jan 26,2021)

Sea Star Wasting; A Syndrome That Turns Starfish Into Goo (Jan 22, 2021)

A Horrible Condition Turning Starfish Into Goo Has Finally Been Identified (Jan 21, 2021)

Some bacteria are suffocating sea stars, turning the animals to goo (Jan 20, 2021)

Organic matter, bacteria doom sea stars to oxygen depletion (Jan 19, 2021)

Creature Feature: Sea Stars and Sea Star Wasting Disease (Jan 19, 2021)

Coastal Sea Stars Teeter On Edge Of Extinction (Jan 12, 2021)

Sea Stars May Be “Drowning” – Organic Matter, Bacteria Doom Starfish to Oxygen Depletion (Jan 10, 2021)

Warming Oceans May Be Causing Sea Stars to 'Drown' (Jan 8, 2021)

Starfish Could Be 'Drowning' as Climate Change Leads to Oceans Warming (Jan 8, 2021)

Warming oceans may be choking off oxygen to starfish, causing them to 'drown' (Jan 7, 2021)

Starfish Could be in Respiratory Distress Due to Warming Ocean, Organic matter (Jan 7, 2021)

Researchers Uncover Mysterious “Drowning” Disease That Kills off Sea Stars (Jan 7, 2021)

In changing oceans, sea stars may be 'drowning' (Jan 6, 2021)

Iconic Sea Star of the Sunflower Is Critically Endangered (Jan 2, 2021)

Sunflower sea starfish listed as critically endangered species (Dec 17, 2020)

In wake of wasting disease, scientists on San Juan Island rear sunflower sea stars in captivity (Dec 17, 2020)

Once abundant sunflower sea star now critically endangered (Dec 17, 2020)

5.7B sunflower sea stars have died in past decade, bringing species to brink of extinction (Dec 16, 2020)

OSU Team at Front of Sea Star Count (Dec 15, 2020)

Sunflower Seastar Now Listed as Critically Endangered (Dec 14, 2020)

14 baby sea stars are tiny bundles of hope for their critically endangered species (Dec 13, 2020)

New endangered status could help save giant sea stars (Dec 13, 2020)

Sunflower Sea Star Deemed ‘Critically Endangered’ After Disease Claims 90% Of The Population (Dec 12, 2020)

Sea star listed as critically endangered following research by Oregon State University (Dec 11, 2020)

Biologist helps place starfish on critically endangered list (Dec 11, 2020)

Sunflower sea stars declared critically endangered on West Coast (Dec 11, 2020)

Iconic Sea Star Listed Critically Endangered After Study Finds Marine Epidemic Event Nearly Wiped Out Global Population (Dec 10, 2020)

Sea stars struggling to recover from wasting epidemic (Nov 7, 2020)

The hidden life of kelp: How sea otters, urchins and starfish make ocean forests (Oct 27, 2020)

Disease and warming oceans continue to push sea stars to the edge of extinction (Aug 14, 2020)

A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world (May 27, 2020)

Sea stars face uncertain future (May 13, 2020)

How Starfish, Snails and Salmon Fight Pandemics (Apr 17, 2020)

San Francisco’s sea stars are making a comeback (Apr 1, 2020)

Study: Tiny sea stars vanishing from San Francisco Bay coasts (Feb 18, 2020)

Predator overlap keeps prey from getting out of control (Feb 13, 2020)

Protecting redundancy in the food web helps ensure ecological resilience (Feb 12, 2020)

The Smallest Stars Have Gone Out (Feb 11, 2020)

Low tide walk reveals world of marine magic (Jan 22, 2020)

Sea Star Talk kicks off Friends of Cape Falcon Marine Reserve winter events (Oct 25, 2019)

Deep Sea Exploration Off the Farallones Catches Sea Stars Hunting Moving Prey (Oct 15, 2019)

‘Perfect Storm’ Wreaks Ecosystem Havoc (July 24, 2019)

Beyond the Beach: Beach Walk & BioBlitz (July 12, 2019)

Have you seen fewer sea stars lately? Scientists are still working out why (July 9, 2019)

Take a look at the underwater life of a Cayucos tide pool (July 9, 2019)

Sea Otter research nets new marine discoveries (July 9, 2019)

Bull kelp recovery plan looks at ecosystem out of balance (July 3, 2019)

Starfish battered by wasting disease but recovering (June 28, 2019)

Long Beach Scuba Show: Catching up with Reef Check and Ocean Sanctuaries (June 24, 2019)

UCSB Ecologists Find Source of Nutrients in Southern California Kelp Forests (June 22, 2019)

Sea Stars Get a Check-Up (June 21, 2019)

Ocean viruses threaten loss of species in the Pacific Northwest (June 17, 2019)

We all need a little kelp (June 12, 2019)

Sea star wasting disease: 'The more we study it, the less we understand' (June 11, 2019)

Uneven road to recovery from sea star wasting disease (June 7, 2019)

As some sea star populations make a comeback, scientists may have found cause of 'wasting disease' (June 4, 2019)

Campbell River aquarium takes stock of sea stars for World Oceans Day (June 2, 2019)

‘Ocean Outbreak’ tells tales of a rising tide in trouble (May 20, 2019)

Sea stars in remission (May 14, 2019)

Sea stars return to Salish Sea (May 6, 2019)

Good news for sea stars in San Juan Islands (May 3, 2019)

The Unexpected Winners from Sea Star Wasting Disease (Apr 23, 2019)

Ocean Outbreak by Drew Harvell - The Tales Of Marine Diseases Plaguing Our World's Oceans (Apr 22, 2019)

Tiny Monsters in the Sea (Apr 9, 2019)

Finding out why sea stars are disappearing from the San Francisco coast (Apr 7, 2019)

What’s killing B.C.’s sea stars? (Feb 25, 2019)

This Month in Climate Change Science: Coffee under threat and Antarctic ice loss (Feb 19, 2019)

Diver survey sheds light on seastar epidemic (Feb 18, 2019)

Sea stars shine light on the urgency of climate change (Feb 18, 2019)

Deep Impact (Feb 15, 2019)

The role of women and youth in changing the conversation on climate change (Feb 7, 2019)

What's killing sea stars? (Feb 4, 2019)

More starfish are dying from 'zombie disease' as oceans warm (Feb 4, 2019)

‘Underwater Zombie Apocalypse’ is Eradicating Key Ocean Species (Feb 4, 2019)

California has a weird new desert. It’s in the Pacific Ocean. (Feb 3, 2019)

“Shocking” Undersea Plague Is Obliterating Key Ocean Species (Feb 3, 2019)

Colorful sea star stricken by disease vanishes from most of the West Coast (Feb 2, 2019)

Massive Pacific Coast Starfish Die-Off Is Linked To Global Warming (Feb 2, 2019)

Disease, warm ocean water causing mass starfish die-off according to new study (Feb 1, 2019)

As Ocean Temperatures Rise, Sea Stars May Not Be The Only Ones Impacted By Infectious Disease (Jan 31, 2019)

California Coast Huge Starfish Die-Off Triggered By World Warming (Jan 31, 2019)

As Ocean Temperatures Rise, Sea Stars May Not Be The Only Ones Impacted By Infectious Disease (Jan 31, 2019)

Why Almost All of the West Coast’s Sunflower Sea Stars Have Wilted Away (Jan 31, 2019)

Sea Stars May Be Wiped Out By 'Underwater Zombie Apocalypse' (Jan 31, 2019)

Axios Science (Jan 31, 2019)

Sea Star Wasting Disease, Revisited (Jan 30, 2019)

Massive Starfish Die-Off Is Tied To Global Warming (Jan 30, 2019)

Key Sea Star Predator Wiped Out By Disease And Abnormally Warm Waters (Jan 30, 2019)

An 'Unprecedented' Epidemic Is Wiping Out the West Coast's Sea Stars (Jan 30, 2019)

A Starfish-Killing Disease Is Remaking the Oceans (Jan 30, 2019)

UVM professor making waves in marine biology research (Dec 28, 2018)

Microbes shed new light on mysterious sea star disease (Nov 21, 2018)

Millions of starfish are mysteriously dying, and now scientists think they know why (Nov 9, 2018)

Sea stars still wasting away in B.C. waters (Nov 2, 2018)

B.C.'s plans for rising sea levels 'may not be enough,' report warns (Nov 1, 2018)

Left for Dead, Starfish Bounce Back (Sep 29, 2018)

Sea Stars And Sea Otters Work Together To Maintain Canadian Kelp Forests (Aug 8, 2018)

How an Epidemic Exposed the Ecological Importance of Sea Stars (Aug 3, 2018)

Sea star die-off led to worrying decline in B.C.'s kelp forest, research reveals (Aug 1, 2018)

Video: Sea stars critical to kelp forest resilience (July 31, 2018)

Sunflower Stars: Rulers of the Reef (July 27, 2018)

SFU researcher discovers unique relationship between sea stars and kelp forests (July 25, 2018)

Mysterious disease killed tons of California starfish. This species fought back — by evolving (July 1, 2018)

Natural wonders: What is a starfish? (June 29, 2018)

Nearly wiped out by mystery illness, California starfish make stunning recovery (June 22, 2018)

An unknown mutation is saving sea stars from wasting disease (June 20, 2018)

Following a Devastating Pandemic, California’s Sea Stars are Evolving (June 19, 2018)

Deadly Wasting Syndrome Genetically Altered Sea Stars: Study (June 19, 2018)

Sea Stars Started Dissolving. What Helped Some of Them Survive? (June 18, 2018)

Sea stars abound on Oregon coast after recovery from wasting disease (June 16, 2018)

Starfish on Oregon coast gradually recovering following wasting disease (June 10, 2018)

Many sea stars showing signs of recovery from disease (May 16, 2018)

Saving sea stars (May 12, 2018)

Long-Term Monitoring Aids Scientists Studying Sea Star Wasting Mystery (Apr 18, 2018)

Sea star wasting disease is still a mystery, but CSUF researchers are on the case (Apr 2, 2018)

Sea star epidemic still a mystery as effects ripple through ocean ecosystem (Mar 27, 2018)

Wasting Away (Mar 22, 2018)

Up to 99% of starfish on the west coast of North America have wasted away due to a mysterious epidemic (Mar 22, 2018)

Marine researchers say recent sea star wasting disease epidemic defies prediction (Mar 20, 2018)

More than one culprit is killing sea stars (Mar 14, 2018)

Scientists unravel complex factors of starfish diseases (Mar 8,2018)

Scientists search for sick starfish struck down by wasting disease (Feb 21, 2018)

Sea star die-off: “It may be the largest wildlife mortality event in recorded history” (Jan 5, 2018)

Starfish Population Continues To Struggle Along California Coast (Jan 2, 2018)

Sea Stars: Are they really making a comeback? (Jan 2, 2018)

Despite Glimmers of Hope, Starfish Are Still Wasting Away (Jan 2, 2018)

Sea star wasting syndrome decreasing on Peninsula but not gone yet (Dec 31, 2017)

Sea Stars Make a Comeback After Mysterious 'Goo' Disease Killed Millions (Dec 28, 2017)

Starfish Are Coming Back, After Wasting Syndrome Killed Thousands (Dec 28, 2017)

Starfish rebounding after mysterious wasting disease killed millions (Dec 26, 2017)

Indian Island: an ecosystem in recovery (Dec 1, 2017)

Sea stars continue to disappear from the North Island (Sept 21, 2017)

Volunteers transplant sea critters before Bainbridge dock work begins (Sept 1, 2017)

Can sea stars make a comeback in Kachemak Bay? (Aug 15, 2017)

Trinidad School Students Study Sea Star Wasting (June 5, 2017)

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome Monitoring in Morro Bay (May 26, 2017)

After Die-Off, Sea Stars Face Uncertain Future (Feb 13, 2017)

Sunset tide pooling offers unique views (Jan 17, 2017)

Enigmatic Illness Destroys Seastars ("Starfish") from the Gulf of Mexico to the Bering Sea (Nov 28, 2016)

Reaching for the (Sea) Stars (Sept 13, 2016)

Owner of Morro Bay’s Kayak Horizons looks after the water (Aug 12, 2016)

Changing Oceans Breed Disease (July 1, 2016)

Starfish Baby Boom Surprises Biologists (May 24, 2016)

After a Huge Die-Off, Oregon’s Sea Stars Are Coming Back (May 9, 2016)

Starfish Baby Boom Brings Hope to Population Turning to Goo (May 9, 2016)

Sea star babies return in droves amid die-off (May 6, 2016)

Young sea star numbers exploding, but recovery uncertain (May 5, 2016)

Young sea star numbers soar in Oregon, 2 years after wasting disease hit (May 4, 2016)

Scientists study ecological fallout of sea star die-off (Apr 25, 2016)

Pool Party (Apr 19, 2016)

Sea star die-off remains a mystery (Apr 1, 2016)

Study finds warmer water plays role in sea star disease (Feb 24, 2016)

Millions of Starfish Deaths Linked to Warming Oceans (Feb 23, 2016)

Scientists now link massive starfish die-off, warming ocean (Feb 21, 2016)

Scientists Find Out What Killed Millions of Starfish (Feb 19, 2016)

Ochre sea stars have suffered a 95 percent die-off in SLO County (Feb 15, 2016)

Fighting a Sea Star Die-Off (Jan 27, 2016)

Sea star wasting disease among worst recorded wildlife die-offs say scientists (Jan 21, 2016)

Starfish Wasting Disease May Be Tied to Warming Waters (Sept 22, 2015)

Sea stars make comeback after wasting away (Aug 27, 2015)

Volunteers survey sea stars to monitor devastating disease (Aug 24, 2015)

Sea Stars Go Viral (Aug 5, 2015)

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome UPDATE! (May 16, 2015)

Starfish making a comeback, babies spotted in Monterey Bay (May 13, 2015)

The Baffling, Gruesome Plague That Is Causing Sea Stars to Tear Themselves to Pieces (May 5, 2015)

Sea star wasting disease death toll rises, but babies bring hope (May 4, 2015)

As Sea Stars Die, New Worries About Urchins (April 1, 2015)

Star search: Scientists watch for wasting (March 11, 2015)

Speak Up! Speak Out! Sea Stars with Melissa Miner (Feb 11, 2015)

Will the King of the Rock Fall? (Feb 4, 2015)

Signs of hope, and a prime suspect, in sea star wasting disease (Jan 23, 2015)

Sea stars may be on path to recovery; summer could provide answers (Jan 20, 2015)

Scientists Search for Cause of Sea Star Wasting Syndrome (Jan 16, 2015)

Zombie Starfish - Nature's Weirdest Events (Jan 12, 2015)

Sea Star Wasting Disease (Dec, 2014)

Sea Star die-off Baffles Scientists (Dec 23, 2014)

Cause of Whidbey starfish deaths discovered (Dec 12, 2014)

Ocean Currents Broadcast on KWMR (Dec 1, 2014)

In search of the starfish killer: the quest to save the original keystone species (Nov 18, 2014)

Virus devastating sea stars on Pacific Coast identified (Nov 17, 2014)

Meet the Tiny Killer Causing Millions of Sea Stars to Waste Away (Nov 17, 2014)

AK: Sea Star Mystery (Oct 24, 2014)

Recovery Caucus proposes bill on sea star wasting syndrome (Sept 23, 2014)

Scientists at Odds Over Sea Star Die-Off (Sept 12, 2014)

Sea stars wasting in local waters (Sept 7, 2014)

Sea Star Deaths along the West Coast Elicit Close Study (Aug 14, 2014)

Scientists Investigate Outbreak Of Sea Star Wasting Syndrome (Aug 11, 2014)

Disease killing sea stars reaches local public aquariums (Aug 7, 2014)

Warming Water Temperatures Could Be Driving Massive Sea Star Die Off (July 26, 2014)

Dying starfish stump experts (July 26, 2014)

Scientists Look for Causes of Baffling Die-Off of Sea Stars (July 17, 2014)

What's killing all the sea stars? (July 2, 2014)

Sunflower stars found in sound (July 2, 2014)

Scientists Close in on the Cause of Sea Star Wasting Syndrome (June 17, 2014)

Sea Star Video - "Falling Stars" (June 13, 2014)

Sea Star Disease Hits Hard On Oregon Coast (June 6, 2014)

Sea star disease epidemic surges in Oregon, local extinctions expected (June 4, 2014)

Die-Off Spawns New Sea Stars (May 24, 2014)

Scientists scurrying to determine what's killing starfish (May 23, 2014)

Mystery starfish plague extends to Canada and Mexico, but the answer is within our grasp (May 8, 2014)

Scientists look for pathogen that's killing sea stars (May 7, 2014)

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome Arrives In Oregon (May 5, 2014)

Scientists narrow in on Sea Star Wasting Syndrome devastating the West Coast (May 4, 2014)

Death of the Stars (May 2, 2014)

Slideshow: Sea Stars Dying in Mysterious Plague (May 1, 2014)

Starfish mysteriously disappearing along the Pacific Coast (May 1, 2014)

Sea stars in Southern California are dying in droves from mysterious disease (Apr 3, 2014)

Mass Sea Star Death Leaves Researchers Perplexed (Mar 11, 2014)

What's Killing the Starfish - KQED broadcast (Mar 5, 2014)

Ocean Currents Broadcast on KWMR (Mar 3, 2014)

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome (Thank You Ocean Report) (Mar 3, 2014)

Sea star wasting devastates Pacific Coast species (Feb 17, 2014)

Cornell scientists race to understand devastating starfish epidemic (Feb 4, 2014)

Mysterious epidemic devastates starfish population off the Pacific Coast (Jan 30, 2014)

The starfish ar dying, and no one knows why (Dec 31, 2013)

Massive starfish deaths baffling biologists (Dec 24, 2013)

Watch Underwater Video of Sea Stars Dying off West Seattle (Dec 3, 2013)

Divers search for clues to an epidemic killing millions of starfish (Nov 30, 2013)

Sea stars are wasting away in larger numbers on a wider scale in two oceans (Nov 22, 2013)

Sea Star Wasting Disease Hits the West Coast (Nov 21, 2013)

Pisaster disaster: When starfish wasting disease strikes, there's only one man to call (Nov 14, 2013)

What's wiping out the starfish in California (Nov 12, 2013)

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome Reaches Santa Barbara County (Nov 7, 2013)

Falling Stars: Starfish Dying From "Disintegrating" Disease (Nov 5, 2013)

'Wasting' disease turning West Coast starfish to mush; experts stumped (Nov 4, 2013)

Wasting disease devastating starfish along Sonoma Coast (Nov 2, 2013)

Starfish Deaths Alarm Vancouver Aquarium (October 7, 2013)

Dead starfish in Vancouver waters puzzle scientists (September 12, 2013)

Why Are Sea Stars Dying from New Jersey to Maine? Divers Asked to Report Large Groupings of Starfish (July 23, 2013)

Blog Postings

West Seattle Blog

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome Updates

The Echinoblog

Notes from a California naturalist

Other Resources

Second Chances (video)

The Sea Star's Lament: Intertidal Community Consequences of Sea Star Wasting Syndrome (video)

Why sea stars tear themselves apart (video)

Virulent Disease Attacks Sea Stars on the West Coast of North America (video courtesy Neil McDaniel)

California Academy of Sciences photo observation map

Vancouver Aquarium diver observation map

Sunflower star wasting video (courtesy Vancouver Aquarium)

Sea Star Wasting Disease (Seadoc Society)